As with so many psychiatric disorders, there is not yet a sufficiently robust and shared literature on the causes of obsessive compulsive disorder ; to explain the causes we usually resort to bio-psycho-social explanations.
From the strictly psychological point of view, there is evidence that some experiences and some educational characteristics can strongly contribute to the genesis of obsessive compulsive disorder .
There is a wide range of scientific literature that identifies in the investment on protection against guilt or in one of its elements, an exaggerated sense of responsibility, a central factor in the development of obsessive compulsive disorder . There is ample empirical and clinical evidence that fear of guilt and a high sense of responsibility predict the tendency to have obsessions and compulsions and that manipulation of responsibility affects the intensity and frequency of obsessive behavior in both patients and non-clinical samples. .
Even a strong moral rigidity, often the result of a particularly severe education , with great attention to the rules and with disproportionate and / or hardly predictable punishments, is an element that is generally found in the history of people suffering from OCD (DOC) ; these are educational aspects that most likely foster exaggerated responsibility and sensitivity to guilt.
The course and consequences of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (DOC)Causes of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – DOC tends to become chronic – Cognitive Psychology Association
The obsessive compulsive disorder (DOC) tends to become chronic, although with phases of improvement that alternate with phases of worsening, rarely its course is episodic.
In an estimated percentage between 5 and 10% the disorder has a progressively increasing course.
Considering that usually the onset is at a young age, it is a disorder that mainly affects young people, therefore with a long life expectancy.
This amplifies the negative consequences in terms of costs and compromises involved.
From a personal point of view obsessive compulsive disorder can have serious consequences in terms of existential costs: since it usually affects at a young age, it risks compromising the course of study, the possibility of working, the normal life of relationships.
For example, often people with obsessive compulsive disorder (DOC) take much longer to graduate or graduate, sometimes even give up; in work they often have to be content with low-responsibility tasks.